List of Mental health issues

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There is list of mental health issues   many of which may have overlapping features for most categories of mental disorders .

Overview of list of mental health issues

there are two main systems in use currently to categorize the mental disorders .

  • icd ten from the world health organization
  • dsm five from the american psychiatric association

list of mental health issues ( dsm five )

The dsm five has twenty top level categories in the list of mental health issues

  1. neurodevelopmental disorders .

 These disorders involve function never gained in the first place , because the abnormality of the nervous system happens during development

Types of neurodevelopmental disorder

  •  mental dysfunction .

  •  intellectual disability , which was previously called mental retardation .

  • The autism spectrum disorders

  •  attention deficit hyperactivity disorders

  • 2.Neurocognitive disorders

 neural cognitive disorder , the nervous system developed and then lost functions

  •  delirium

delirium is the name for a reversible episode of abnormalities of cognitive and other higher brain functions from many potential causes , such as certain drugs , abnormalities of certain components of the blood or certain types of infections

  • dementia , and its milder versions , usually involved irreversible and often progressive loss of cognitive and other higher brain functions from many potential causes , such as alzheimer’s disease or stroke .
  • Sleep wake disorders

It involves distress or disability from abnormalities related to sleep . A person over here who’s got his eyes closed , and they’re very sleepy , and they’ll just say they are sleeping . So here there’s snoring away . And this will represent our sleep-wake disorders. Disorders in this category include

  • insomnia
  •  breathing related sleep disorders that involve insufficient amounts of uninterrupted sleep
  •  abnormal behaviors during sleep , such as sleepwalking .
  • The anxiety disorders

It involves distress or disability from abnormal amounts of worry or fear.

  • phobias   certain stimuli , which are known as phobias , like a lot of people have a phobia of spiders or snakes , while other disorders in this category are not specific to certain stimuli , including a common one called
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  •  Panic disorder which involves panic attacks
  •  intense anxiety that may cause people to be afraid to leave their homes.

5. depressive disorders

It involve distress or disability from abnormally negative mood  . The term mood is used in several ways . One way the term mood is used is to refer to a long term emotional state , which may be positive or negative . In this way , the word mood is related to emotions , but our emotions are thought of , as usually brief experiences , often related to specific stimuli , like getting something you want . Whereas mood is more persistent and may or may not be related to specific events in a person’s life . The second way , the term mood is used is as the subjective experience a person has of their emotions , and another term affect is often used to describe how a person’s emotional state appears to others , so that mood may refer to what a person is saying . They feel like they may say they feel sad , while affect may refer to the person. In addition to negative mood , the depressive disorders often involve related symptoms , such as feelings of hopelessness or loss of enjoyment in activities . These disorders carry out particularly high risk of suicide , which is a major cause of death in people with many types of mental illness .

5. Bipolar and related disorders involve distress or disability from abnormal mood , similar to the depressive disorders . But the difference is that these disorders may have periods of abnormally positive mood , which are called mania . During periods of mania , people will often sleep little talk fast and may make bad decisions from impaired judgment about the risks of activities or their own abilities . And this can lead to all sorts of social or legal problems with this category of disorders ,

 6. schizophrenia spectrum and the other psychotic disorders

which involves distress or disability from what is called psychosis . So for that , let me draw this , this person up here , and we’ll say up in their brain , their hearing voices. Which is a common symptom of some psychotic disorders . Psychosis involves certain features , such as delusions or hallucinations . Delusions are fixed , false beliefs , not explainable by a person’s cultural background , such as having special powers or the idea that one’s thoughts are controlled by somebody else . Hallucinations involves sensory perceptions without real stimuli , such as hearing voices that are not there with psychosis . Disorganized thinking may occur , as well as what are called negative symptoms , which may involve decrease emotional expression , motivation or social behavior . Schizophrenia may have any of these features and the other disorders in this category usually have some of them the trauma and stress or related disorders involve distress or disability that may occur after mentally traumatic or stressful events , leading to mood , emotional , behavioral and other abnormalities.

7. Post traumatic stress disorder is the prototype disorder in this category , which has had many previous names because it has been common after wars throughout history . this can occur after many different types of stressors in additional war combat . These disorders are common , after all kinds of traumatic experiences , such as rape , assault and natural disasters , substance related and

8. addictive disorders involve distress or disability from the abnormal use of substances that affect mental functions  . There are a lot of substances that can affect mental functions and cause a substance related disorder . These include alcohol , caffeine , cannabis , hallucinogens , inhalants , opioids , sedatives , hypnotics , anxiolitic , stimulants and tobacco , amongst others . The mental effects of these substances may cause mental abnormalities similar to the other types of mental disorders , including mood abnormalities , anxiety , things. Or psychosis , other addictions , like gambling are also included in this category , because they share many aspects of addiction to substances .

9.The personality disorders involve distress or disability related to personality . Personality involves long term mental and behavioral features that are characteristic of a person . There is a huge spectrum of personality types that are generally considered acceptable by a person’s culture . Personality disorders involve personality features that are outside generally accepted societal norms and which cause distress or disability . These have traditionally been grouped into clusters .

  • cluster . A often has odd or eccentric behavior .
  •  Cluster b often involves intense emotional and relationship problems .
  • And cluster c is often anxious , avoidant or obsessive.

10. impulse control and conduct disorders

Which  involve distress or disability from behaviors that are unacceptably disruptive or impulsive for a person’s culture .

11. Obsessive compulsive and related disorders

Which  involve distress or disability from obsessions or compulsions . Obsessions are thoughts that recur involuntarily , in which are often unwelcome compulsions are activities that a person feels they must do in which are often related to an obsession . A common example is someone having an obsession that their hands are dirty , and then a compulsion to wash their hands many more times a day than would’ve normal.

12. Somatic symptom and related disorders

Which involve distress or disability from symptoms similar to those that may occur with illness unrelated to a mental disorder . But the symptoms are of psychological origin , with or without also having symptoms of a general medical condition at the same time . An example of this could be someone that has abdominal pain , so that they’re saying , they’re saying how my abdomen hurts , but there’s actually not anything physically wrong with the abdomen , the tissues of the abdomen are just fine . It’s really caused by psychological factors like stress. 13.Feeding and eating disorders which involve distress or disability from mental or behavioral abnormalities related to food disorders in this category include anorexia nervosa , where a person takes in an insufficient amount of food to will say this person is turning down a perfectly nice slice of pizza , even though they’re actually way below their healthy body weight. And another common disorder in this category is bohemia nervosa , which involves binge eating and purging . 14. The elimination disorders involve distress or disability from urination or defecation at inappropriate times or places

15. The dissociative disorders involve distress or disability from abnormalities of identity or memory .  Some of the people with these disorders seem to have multiple personalities , or may have lost memory for parts of their lives . The sexual dysfunctions involve distress or disability from abnormalities in or performance of sexual activity .

17. Gender discourse involves distress or disability caused by a person identifying themselves as a different gender than that identified by society . So as an example . This category requires an important distinction to be made if people experience distress or disability regarding gender identity , the distress and disability constitutes the disorder . Previously identifying with another gender without distress or disability , does not have a mental disorder . Previously , there was much stigmatization surrounding this issue and older categorization systems that did consider identification with another gender as a mental disorder in and of itself

18. No in List of Mental health issues The paraphilic disorders

Which involve people that have distress or disability related to. Sexual arousal to unusual stimuli or what would be considered unusual for that person’s culture .  similarly to gender dysphoria , people that have sexual arousal to unusual stimuli do not have a mental disorder unless it causes distress or disability . Or for this category , activities related to it could cause harm to another , particularly children or other people without sufficient decision making capacity for proper consent .

 20 number in List of Mental health issues is other disorders

  entire purpose of this category is for any person that appears to have a mental disorder causing distress or disability . But one that doesn’t fit well in any of these other categories of mental disorder , the vast majority of people with a mental disorder will fit in one of these big categories of mental disorders. But very rarely , a person just won’t fit , but does clearly have a mental disorder , and that’s what this other disorders category is for .  

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